Since 2002, the Bank has conducted three pilot stakeholder
analyses that use an approach based on game theoretic models
to predict stakeholder actions.
pilots were conducted in the East Asia Pacific region – one
in a low-income country and one in a middle-income country.
The low-income country was in the process of introducing
both anti-corruption and civil service reforms, whereas the
middle-income country introducing only anti-corruption reforms.
The analysis used a method that collected data only through
interviews with experts, categorized stakeholder attributes
by position on the issue, power, salience, and effective
power, and then predicted negotiation outcomes through round
by round bargaining simulations. Information from the round
by round simulations suggested that changing stakeholder
positions through bargaining would be difficult.
The third pilot stakeholder analysis conducted in MENA region
examined stakeholder positions and interests with regard
to cereal policy reform. This analysis was significant in
understanding the political economy around a sensitive policy
concern. (For example, the analysis revealed the multiple
levels of decision-making within the government and illustrated
for the country team the significant political economy impediments
to cereal policy reform). Using similar methodology as in
the pilots in East Asia, the analysis identified key stakeholders
likely to block or promote reform and provided the task team
with a possible foundation for strategies, negotiations and
tradeoffs necessary for arriving at more realistic and sustainable
presentations summarizing the above pilot studies and their