Administrative & Civil Service Reform
    Home > Data & Diagnostics > Public Officials Surveys > Guyana > related materials for
           Shape & Size of Public Employment

The Public Service in Guyana includes public servants working for ministries and their affiliated departments, the Regional Administrations (RAs) and the Constitutional Agencies (CAs). There are 21,206 public service posts of which 12,024 (56.7%) are filled and 9,182 (43.3%) are vacant. Of the recorded 21, 206 positions, 63% are in ministries, 31% are in RAs and 6% are in CAs. Three-fourth of the filled positions in the public service are in the lowest 5 grade levels.

Source: (1) Estimates from mission notes, November 1999; (2) Guyana: Recent Economic Developments. IMF Staff country report No. 99/52, Table 8.
Boxes with thick borders indicate parts of the public sector from which the survey sample was drawn.

Click here to see the details of main components of government employment.

During the decade of nineties, public employment in civilian government (excluding police) has fallen significantly. Since 1993, the number of employees has fallen from 56,000 to about 31,000, and total public employment in Guyana today accounts for 13 percent of the labor force.

In 1993, a 14-band salary structure was introduced and on the basis of job evaluation, all existing posts were mapped on to the new structure. The Government of Guyana has undertaken some major exercises to improve the remuneration structures. To correct for the real wage declines in the public sector in the 1980s and early 1990s, the government first revised the salary structure in 1993 and later approved a series of wage increases since 1994. Wage supplements were additionally granted over base pay to critical positions.

Source: Guyana: Recent Economic Developments. IMF Staff country report No. 99/52

Following the public officials' strike in May-June 1999, the Arbitration Tribunal awarded a larger than expected increase in public salaries. Civil service salaries were raised by 31 percent through the arbitration award. An additional 27 percent increase has been granted in the year 2000.

Total public expenditures in Guyana amount to about 40 percent of GDP and the central government's budget deficit (after grants) stood at over 6 percent of GDP in 1999. The recent generalized pay rise has exerted greater fiscal pressure. In 1998 total expenditure on personnel emoluments of central government employees was two and a half times as much as in 1993. Between the period 1993-8, annual percentage increase in personnel expenditures has averaged at 19.5 percent. The ratio of wages and salaries to GDP has risen by more than 38 percent since 1993 compared to a 29 percent increase in the ratio of allowances and contributions to GDP in the same period. The expenditure on wages and salaries of public officials has consumed a greater proportion of tax revenues over time, from 12.6 percent in 1993 to 22.8 percent in 1998.

Trends in personnel expenditure
  1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998a 1999b
Personnel expenditurec
(% of GDP)
6.2 6.0 6.3 6.6 7.8 8.4 8.4
Wages and salaries
(% of GDP)
4.5 4.5 4.8 5.1 5.9 6.5 6.2
Allowances and contributions
(% of GDP)
1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.9 2.2
Wages and salaries
(% of total tax revenues)
12.6 15.2 15.2 15.7 19.9 22.8 N/A
Wages and salaries
(% of non-interest expenditure)
12.8 17.7 16.4 15.8 17.8 21.4 N/A
Consumption expenditure in the public sector (% of GDP) 15.6 14.9 14.9 16.0 17.1 17.6 N/A
Gross domestic investment in the public sector (% of GDP) 19.4 11.6 16.3 19.1 18.1 14.4 N/A
Wages and salaries in the public enterprises (% of GDP) 14.6 13.3 12.1 11.5 13.5 12.0 N/A
a. preliminary estimates.
b. budget estimates.
c. Includes 'wages and salaries' and 'allowances and contributions' of central government employees only.
Source: IMF (1999).