A Joint Conference of the
International Institute for Public Ethics (IIPE),
The Global Integrity Alliance,
and the World Bank

The Speakers



Howard Adelman has been a Professor of Philosophy at York University in Toronto since 1966. He has written extensively on the Middle East, humanitarian intervention, membership rights, ethics, early warning and conflict management, refugee repatriation, policy and resettlement. Since leaving York, he has been at Princeton University, first at the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies and then as a Visiting Professor at the Woodrow Wilson School. He is also the Producer and Host of Israel Today on CTS TV in Canada.

Azyumardi Azra is one of Southeast Asia’s most prominent liberal Muslim intellectuals. He is Rector and Professor of History at the Univeritas Islam Negeri (UIN), Jakarta Indonesia. In 1982, Professor Azra graduated from the Faculty of Tarbiyah at the Jakarta IAIN (now UIN). He was appointed Lecturer there in 1985 and in the following year was selected for a Fulbright Scholarship to pursue advanced studies at Columbia University. He graduated with an MA from the Department of Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures in 1988. Winning a Columbia President Fellowship, he moved to the Department of History, Columbia University where he undertook further studies; MA (1989), MPhil (1990) and PhD (1992). He was also Vice Director of the Centre for the Study of Islam and Society (Censis) of the IAIN/UIN Jakarta before his appointment as Vice Rector for Academic Affairs.

Betty Bigombe has tirelessly supported a peaceful resolution to the conflict between the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan Government. Since March 2004, Ms. Bigombe has been the chief mediator in the negotiations process. Prior to this, she held positions in the Ugandan government as Minister of Parliament and Minister of State. She has also worked with the World Bank as a Senior Social Scientist with the Post-Conflict unit, and as a Consultant for the Social Protection and Human Development units. In 1997, she was the recipient of a fellowship award at the Harvard Institute for International Development and has co-authored several articles on post-conflict peace building and the impact of conflict on women and children. Ms. Bigombe has a Masters from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

Timothy Besley is a Professor of Economics and Political Science at the London School of Economics, where he is also Director of the Suntory Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines (STICERD). He is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) and a member of the Institutions, Organizations and Growth program of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. He is currently serving a three year term as President of the Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development of which he is also a founding Board member. He was educated at Oxford University where he became a Prize Fellow of All Souls College. He subsequently taught at Princeton University before being appointed as Professor at the LSE in 1995. Professor Besley's research focuses mainly on issues in Development Economics, Public Economics and Political Economy. In recent years, he has worked as a consultant to the World Bank and HM Treasury.

Canon Gideon Byamugisha is a teacher by profession and pastor by calling; holding degrees in both education and theology. Canon Gideon is the first practicing HIV positive priest in Africa to break the silence still associated with the disease. His life is dedicated to breaking stigma related HIV/AIDS and promoting positive action to help prevent its spread. In 1993 Canon Gideon left his teaching job at Bishop Tucker Theological College in Uganda to start the Church of Uganda Provincial HIV/Aids Program as Educator and Trainer, and later moved on to the Diocese of Namirembe to head their HIV/AIDS program for seven years. He currently serves World Vision International's HIV/AIDS Hope Initiative Team as the Church/FBO Partnerships Advisor on Stigma, Shame, Denial, Discrimination, Inaction and Mis-action (SSDDIM).

Joanne Ciulla teaches courses on ethics, critical thinking, conflict resolution, and leadership in international contexts. She is one of the founding faculty members of the Jepson School of Leadership at the University of Richmond. Professor Ciulla has held the UNESCO Chair in Leadership Studies at the United Nations International Leadership Academy in Jordan and academic appointments at La Salle University, the Harvard Business School, The Wharton School, and Oxford University. Professor Ciulla’s research interests are leadership ethics, business ethics, international leadership and the philosophy of work. Dr. Ciulla consults on ethics and leadership programs with universities, businesses, and government agencies in the United States and overseas. Professor Ciulla obtained her Bachelors from University of Maryland, her Masters in Philosophy from the University of Deleware, and her Ph.D. in Philosophy from Temple University.

Karina Constantino-David is the chair of the Civil Service Commission in the Philippines. Prior to that appointment, she headed the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC), from 1998-1999. As the housing Czarina, she was mainly responsible for setting development goals and strategies, monitoring program implementation, and broadening private sector participation. Before government service, she was the executive director of Harnessing Self-Reliant Initiatives and Knowledge (HASIK) from 1988-1998. She has served as consultant for women and poverty policies at the Asian and Pacific Development Center. Ms. Constantino-Daivd is an active member of the Philippine Sociological Society, Human Development Network, and Asia-Pacific Development Journal.

Richard Cuoto has been a Professor of Leadership Studies, at Antioch University, since July 2002. Prior to 2002, he served as professor of leadership studies at the Jepson School of Leadership Studies, University of Richmond. As one of the founding faculty of the Jepson School of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond, he helped developed a curriculum that integrates community service and action research. He teaches in the fields of community leadership, social movements, public policy, politics, and experiential education. Professor Cuoto obtained his Bachelors from Marist College in New York, his Masters in Political Science at Boston College, and his Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Kentucky.

Obiageli Ezekwesili is a Special Assistant for Budget to the President of Nigeria and Chairwoman of the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI). She is a leader in development and governance initiatives and serves on the boards of several national and international organizations committed to development, democracy, and accountability issues. She is the founder and co-director of the Center for Public Policy Priorities in Nigeria and served as the former Finance Director of Transparency International. A graduate of both the Universities of Nigeria, Nsukka and the University of Lagos, she holds a B.Sc. in Business Education and a Master of International Law and Diplomacy. In June of 2000, Ms. Ezekwesili earned her Master in Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

John Githongo is one of Africa’s leading anti-corruption advocates. Until his recent resignation, he was Kenya’s first anti-corruption czar following the election of a coalition government in 2002. In that capacity, he aggressively investigated cases of large-scale corruption within the new government and led asset recovery efforts. Prior to that, he was Executive Director of Transparency International in Kenya. Mr. Githongo remains a powerful advocate of governance reform in Kenya and across Africa even after his resignation from his post as Permanent Secretary for Governance and Ethics. Originally a journalist, Mr. Githongo holds a Bachelor of Science in Economics from the University of Wales Swansea.

John Graham was a U.S diplomat for 15 years. His assignments included revolutionary Libya, Viet Nam, NATO, the US Mission to the UN; and a stint as foreign policy advisor to Senator John Glenn. Since leaving the Foreign Service in 1980, he has lectured and led seminars worldwide, helping individuals, organizations, and communities successfully tackle the challenges of risk and change. He joined the Giraffe Project staff in 1983, where he currently serves as Project President and principal speaker/workshop leader. Mr. Graham has degrees in geology from Harvard and engineering from Stanford. He is the author of Outdoor Leadership, from Mountaineers Books; It’s Up to Us, from the Giraffe Heroes Project; and Stick Your Neck Out — A Street-smart Guide to Creating Change in Your Community and Beyond, published by Berrett-Koehler.

Dinesh Ghodke holds a Bachelors of Technology degree from the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay. He worked as a software engineer with Infosys Ltd. before joining the senior level of the Art of Living Foundation. Over the last 12 years, he has traveled extensively teaching a host of leadership programs. Much of his efforts are aimed at empowering and involving youth through various innovative initiatives of music, dance, creative arts, yoga, meditation and sports. He is presently the India program director for the Youth Empowerment Seminars (YES!+) which are being regularly conducted for students and teachers in educational institutes throughout India.

Douglas Hicks is an Associate Professor of Leadership Studies and Religion at the Jepson School of Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond and Director of the University’s Bonner Center for Civic Engagement. In 2003 he served as a visiting assistant professor of religion and society at the Harvard Divinity School. He holds an A.B. with honors in economics from Davidson College, an M.Div. from Duke University, and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in religion and economics from Harvard University. Professor Hicks’ research focuses on religion in public life and the ethical dimensions of economic issues. An ordained minister in the Presbyterian Church (USA), Dr. Hicks is a parish associate at Bon Air Presbyterian Church in Richmond, Virginia.

Mansour Javidan received his MBA and Ph.D. degrees from the Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota. He is professor and chairman of the Strategy and Global Management Area and the Academic Director of the NPC Executive MBA program at the Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary in Canada. Currently, he is a visiting professor at INSEAD. Since 2004, he assumed the role of the Director of the Garvin Center for Cultures and Languages of International Management at Thunderbird, The Garvin School of International Management in Glendale, Arizona.

Dorte Kabell is a graduate of the University of Copenhagen with a M.Sc. in Economics and Public Sector Management. After completing her degree, with a specialization in development economics, Dorte Kabell has worked for over 20 years in the field of multilateral development assistance. Her experience spans major international organizations including the United Nations, the OECD and International Financial Institutions such as the Asian Development Bank and the African Development Bank, where she was a senior advisor to the President. Immediately prior to establishing Kabell Konsulting, she spent several years in Danida where she developed the multilateral performance management framework.

Huguette Labelle is currently Chancellor of the University of Ottawa and Chairwoman of Transparency International. She also serves on the board of numerous NGOs, including the International Institute for Sustainable Development and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. Prior to her current roles, Dr. Labelle served as President of the Canadian International Development Agency, Chairman of the Public Service Commission of Canada, and Deputy Minister of Transport, as well as other Deputy posts in the Canadian Government. She has been awarded honorary degrees from several Canadian Universities and has received the Vanier Medal of the Institute of Public Administration of Canada, the Outstanding Achievement Award of the public Service of Canada, the McGill Management Achievement Award, and l’Ordre de la Pleiade. Dr. Labelle holds a Ph.D. in Education from the University of Ottawa.

Frannie A. Léautier has been Vice President of the World Bank Institute since December of 2001. Prior to that, Ms. Léautier was Chief of Staff for President James Wolfensohn. Dr. Léautier is recognized as a leading expert in infrastructure strategy formulation in developing countries. She has held several positions in the World Bank Group including Transport Economist for the Latin America & Caribbean and South Asia regions, and as a research economist in the Development Economics Department. She served as Sector Director for Infrastructure in South Asia from 1997-2000 and later as Director for the Infrastructure Group. Dr. Léautier received her Master of Science in Transportation, and her PhD in Infrastructure Systems, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Danny Leipziger is the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM) Vice President and Head of Network at the World Bank, where he provides leadership for the Bank’s strategic work on growth and poverty reduction across regional PREM units. He previously held managerial positions in the Latin America and the Caribbean Region, at the World Bank Institute, and in the East Asia Region. Career highlights include leading the Bank’s financial relief efforts in Korea, managing the program of bank restructuring in Argentina, and opening the economic dialogue with Vietnam. Dr. Leipziger has a Ph.D. in Economics from Brown University and has previously served in the Economic Bureau and Policy Planning Staff of the U.S. Department of State, as well as in USAID.

Neil Levine is the Chief of the Governance Division at USAID. Prior to this position, Mr. Levine served as Deputy Director for the Office of Central American Affairs. He has a strong interest in countries in transition and worked closely with USAID missions supporting peace accords in El Salvador and Guatemala. He has also worked as a research assistant at Human Rights Watch in New York. Mr. Levine has a Bachelor’s from Earlham College, a Master’s in International Affairs from the School of International and Public Affairs at John Hopkins, and a certificate from the Institute for Latin American and Iberian Studies at Columbia University.

Carol Lewis is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Connecticut, where she teaches ethics, public budgeting, and public administration. Dr. Lewis has taught in colleges and universities in four states, lectured to scholars and practitioners nationally and internationally, and conducted training programs for public managers in many locales. As consultant or project member, she has worked with the World Bank, International Institute of Administrative Sciences, the U.S. National Academy of Public Administration, cross-national projects with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and government agencies at all levels. Her research interests are in public budgeting, public service ethics, and comparative public administration. Dr. Lewis received her Masters and Ph.D. degrees in Political Science from Princeton University, and her Bachelors degree from Cornell University.

Mamadou Lamine Loum is a graduate of the Faculty of Law and Economics of the University of Dakar and of l’Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) of Senegal. Loum joined the Ministry of Economy, Finance and Planning in 1977. He has held a number of senior positions in the Ministry, including Chief Treasurer and Paymaster, General Director of Treasury, and Deputy Minister in charge of the Budget, and was appointed Minister of the Economy. Mr. Loum was Prime Minister of Senegal between July 1998 and March 2000. His negotiations with the Paris Club over international debt recovery for the country earned him a reputation as having a shrewd economic mind. In 2001, Mr. Loum was appointed Head of the International Advisory Group (IAG) on the Chad-Cameroon Petroleum Development and Pipeline Project.

Katherine Marshall has worked for over three decades on international development, with a focus on issues for the world’s poorest countries. She is a senior officer of the World Bank, where she has worked since 1971. Ms. Marshall is currently responsible for a broad range of issues turning around ethics, values, rights and faith in development work, and serves as Counselor to the World Bank’s President. Ms. Marshall is a graduate of Wellesley College and the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University (MPA ’69); she currently serves as a Princeton University Trustee. She serves on the Boards of several NGOs, and most prominently has been engaged in the creation and development of the World Faiths Development Dialogue (WFDD).

Sir Mekere Morauta served as the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea from 1999-2002. He is currently the sitting member for Port Moresby North-West in the National Parliament and the Chairman of the National Capital District Commission. Sir Morauta went on to study at the University of Papua New Guinea, where he obtained a Bachelor of Economics in 1970, and as an exchange student at Flinders University in South Australia. In 1975 he was the first Papua New Guinean to be appointed Secretary of the Department of Finance, a position which he held until 1982. Other positions he has held include Managing Director of the Papua New Guinea Banking Corporation (1983–1992) and Governor of the Reserve Bank of Papua New Guinea (1992–1996). He has served on the boards of many Papua New Guinean and overseas companies.

Dele Olojede joined Newsday as a summer intern in 1988. Since then has served in numerous positions at the publication including foreign editor, where he managed the newspaper’s five overseas bureaus and its daily coverage of foreign affairs. Prior to Newsday, Olojede was a reporter at the National Concord Newspaper in Lagos, Nigeria and a founding staff writer and assistant editor at Newswatch, a Lagos weekly newsmagazine. A 1986 award-winning investigative report by Olojede resulted in the freeing of an internationally known Nigerian musician, Fela Kuti, and the dismissal of the federal judge who had sentenced him to prison on trumped up charges. Mr. Olojede earned a master’s degree at Columbia University in New York, where he won the Henry N. Taylor Award as the outstanding foreign student. Among Mr. Olojede's numerous awards includes a 2005 Pulitizer Prize for Rwanda: 10 Years of Pain.

Peter John Opio is professor of business ethics, medical ethics and professional ethics at Uganda Martyrs University (UMU), Uganda. His areas of interest include poverty, famines and development project management, as well as theology, Christian ethics, and social ethics. Dr. Opio has been lecturer at the Center for Catholic Social Thought in Leuven Belgium, at the University of London, and has participated in many project management programs in Germany, Kenya and Uganda. He is a founding member of the Business Ethics Network Africa (BEN-Africa) and member of the Academic Council on United Nations Studies at Yale University, USA.

Dijana Plestina is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Wooster College, an advisor to the Foreign Minister of Croatia, and wife of Croatia's former Prime Minister, Ivica Racan. She is the author of Regional Development in Communist Yugoslavia: Success, Failure and Consequences. A native of Croatia, her research and teaching interests include political and economic transitions, economic development and democratization in East and West Europe, the former Soviet Union, and the developing world. Professor Plestina has a Bachelors and Masters from Carleton and a Ph.D. from University of California, Berkeley.

Sanjay Pradhan is Director of Public Sector Governance for the World Bank. He is responsible for providing the strategic directions for the World Bank’s global work across all member countries on improving public sector governance and combating corruption. Dr. Pradhan earlier served as the World Bank’s Sector Manager for Public Sector and Poverty Reduction for the South Asia region. Prior to that, he was responsible for managing the Bank’s unit supporting governance and public sector reform in 26 countries across Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Dr. Pradhan was a Principal Author of the World Development Report 1997, The State in a Changing World. He presented the WDR in 20 countries across regions, including press conferences, high-level seminars, and presentations to Heads of State and Parliaments. He has authored numerous articles, books and policy papers. Dr. Pradhan completed his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1988, and his Bachelor’s degree from Harvard College, Harvard University in 1982.

Mary Robinson is the Executive Director of the Ethical Globalization Initiative. She served as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 1997-2002 and as President of Ireland from 1990-1997. Before her election as President in 1990, Mrs. Robinson served as Senator for 20 years. In 1969 she became the youngest Reid Professor of Constitutional Law at Trinity College, Dublin. She was called to the bar in 1967, becoming a Senior Counsel in 1980, and a member of the English Bar in 1973. Educated at Trinity College, Mrs. Robinson also holds law degrees from the King's Inns in Dublin and from Harvard University. She has spent most of her life as a human rights advocate.

Amos Sawyer is a Research Scholar and co-Associate Director of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University in Bloomington. He holds a Ph.D in political science from Northwestern University and taught for many years at the University of Liberia, becoming Dean of the College of Social Sciences and Humanities in 1981. He was Chairman of the Liberian constitution commission in 1981 and President of the Interim Government during Liberia’s civil war. He is actively involved in peace-building and conflict resolution initiatives in Africa and frequently serves in advisory capacities to African regional organizations and the UN on questions of African governance and conflict resolution.

Steve Schwenke currently serves as Technical Director for Management Systems International. He has comprehensive project experience - often as project manager - in arbitration, human rights, conflict, municipal governance, decentralization, government integrity, microenterprise, local economic development, training, and community participation in local governance. Dr. Schwenke pursued undergraduate studies at Syracuse University and completed his Masters in International Affairs at Georgetown University. He received his Ph.D. in International Public Policy Studies from the University of Maryland, with a particular focus on innovative methods of applying human rights approaches to improve local governance. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the School of Advanced International Studies of the Johns Hopkins University, and at Georgetown University.

Shasista Shameem is currently the Director of the Fiji Human Rights Commission in Suva – the first such commission in the Pacific islands and has worked as a lawyer, university lecturer and human rights activist. In 1999 she served on the UN Commission of Experts to review the judicial processes in Indonesia and Timor-Leste in connection to violations of human rights in East Timor. Dr. Shameem holds a Ph.D. in Sociology and Social Anthropology and LLM from the University of Waikato and an LLB from the University of Auckland.

Emile Short was the Chairperson of the Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice in Ghana from 1993-2004. Before that, he was head of a law firm in Ghana and served as a judge for the United Nations Tribunal on Rwandan. He has consulted for the UNDP, the Commonwealth Secretariat in London, and the Carter Center (USA). He has been a member of many legal committees and associations in Ghana. Judge Short was called to the Bar in England in 1966 and is a member of the Ghana and Sierra Leone Bar. Judge Short obtained his LLM degree from the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1967. He has lectured at the University of Cape Coast (Ghana) and at the Middlesex Polytechnic (London), and has been a resource person in several international conferences on international law, human rights and administrative justice.

Meg Taylor, a national of Papua New Guinea, received her LL.B from Melbourne University, Australia and her LL.M from Harvard University, USA. She practiced law in Papua New Guinea and serves as a member of the Law Reform Commission. She was Ambassador of Papua New Guinea to the United States, Mexico and Canada in Washington DC, from 1989-94. She is co-founder of Conservation Melanesia and has served on the Boards of the World Wildlife Fund-USA and the World Resources Institute. She was a member of the World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development. In addition, Ms. Taylor has served as a board member of a number of companies in Papua New Guinea in the natural resources, financial and agricultural sectors.

Jon Ungphakorn is an elected member of the Senate in Thailand and Committee Member of the Asean Inter-Parliamentary Caucus on Democracy in Myanmar. He recently received the prestigious 2005 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Government Service for his work with communities affected by HIV/AIDS and for his work on human rights issues in Thailand.

Pat Utomi is a Professor of Social, Political, and Economic Environment of Business and Director for the Centre for Applied Economics at the Lagos Business School. He has professional experience in Management Consulting and Government and an academic background in Economic Policy, Business Administration, Public Administration, African Politics, and Communications. Dr. Utomi served as Chief Operating Officer for Volkswagen of Nigeria and has served as Special Assistant to the President of Nigeria. He has authored numerous books and publications, including Managing Uncertainty: Competition and Strategy in Emerging Economics, winner of the Abiola Book Prize of 1998. He chairs numerous corporate boards and has been a trustee of Transparency International, Nigeria, since its founding.